[1]吴 晶.汉语否定词“不”与“没”的比较[J].黎明职业大学学报,2019,(04):23-29.[doi:10.13446/j.cnki.jlvu.201906008]
 WU Jing.A Comparison of Chinese Negatives: bu and mei[J].Journal of Liming Vocational University,2019,(04):23-29.[doi:10.13446/j.cnki.jlvu.201906008]
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汉语否定词“不”与“没”的比较()
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黎明职业大学学报[ISSN:1008-8075/CN:35-1212/G4]

卷:
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
23-29
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-12-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Comparison of Chinese Negatives: bu and mei
文章编号:
1008-8075(2019)04-0023-07
作者:
吴 晶
(南昌航空大学 外国语学院,江西 南昌 330063)
Author(s):
WU Jing
(College of Foreign Languages, Nanchang Hangkong University,Nanchang 330063, China)
关键词:
否定词 “不” “没” 分布 时体意义
Keywords:
negatives bu mei distribution tense and aspect senses
分类号:
H 136.1
DOI:
10.13446/j.cnki.jlvu.201906008
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
汉语否定词“不”与“没”都具备否定义的核心特征,又都携带时体特征,“不”的时体意义为“当前”“将来”,“没”的时体意义为“过去”“完成”。2个否定词的时体意义可以帮助解释2个否定词含义反差、含义互补及含义中和等3种分布情况。可通过时态修饰语添加、否定词“辖域”观察,来对 “不”“没”这2个否定词时体特征构拟加以证明。在对2个否定词分布的认识上可进一步讨论2个否定词的标记性差异,认为“不”的标记性相对较弱。
Abstract:
Both bu(不)and mei(没)possess the core negative senses and they also carry tense and aspect features: bu conveys present and future senses while mei imparts past and perfect senses. Their tense and aspect senses helped explain the semantic contrast, complementation and neutralization phenomena exhibited by the two words. The hypothesized tense and aspect features of the two words were supported through addition of tense modifiers and the observation of the scope of negation. On the basis of the observed distribution of the two negative words, their differences in markedness were further discussed and a conclusion was reached that the markedness of bu is relatively weaker.

参考文献/References:


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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-06-19作者简介:吴晶(1979-),女,讲师,硕士,主要从事理论语言学研究。基金项目:江西省高校人文社会科学研究项目(YY1433); 南昌市“十二五”社会科学规划项目(wh201402)
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-15